Financing for e-commerce

Estonia: e-Residency – Bringing Europe’s e-commerce opportunities to developing countries


The e-Residency programme offers people from developing countries access to the digital infrastructure and legal frameworks of Estonia so they can capitalize on the opportunities of e-commerce.

Thanks to a simple online application process, applicants can quickly obtain a a government-issued transnational digital identity. Once confirmed as Estonian e-Residents, they can then register a company online, perform e-banking transac- tions, access international payment service providers, declare taxes online, manage a company remotely, and digitally sign documents and contracts. They also benefit from the EU’s legal framework – and the increased perception of trust that goes with it.

The programme is aimed at anyone interested in running a location-independent international business. Applicants are required to pay a nominal fee and must pick up their e-Residency identity card from an Estonian embassy anywhere in the world.

For whom

Decision makers
Private sector
Business Associations
Policy makers

Services offered

Capacity Building
  • Give entrepreneurs and businesses access to the digital infrastructure of an EU country
  • Increase your country’s potential for international e-trade
Policy Support & Policy Advice
  • Reduce start-up and maintenance costs for local e-businesses
  • Promote financial inclusion and location-independent business
  • Allow local companies to benefit from the legal framework of the European Union
  • Develop an enabling policy environment for business and e-commerce
Technical Support
  • Eliminate national borders and restrictions
  • Enhance your physical communications infrastructure


National Agencies
  • Ministry of the Interior and its IT and Development Centre
  • Police and Border Guard Board
  • Ministry of Justice
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Estonian embassies and consulates worldwide
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Information System Authority
  • Office of the President of the Republic of Estonia
  • Government Office of the Republic of Estonia
  • Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
  • Enterprise Estonia
  • Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
  • Nasdaq, Inc.
  • Teleport
  • WageCan
  • Stampery

Meet the beneficiaries

Officially the fastest way to register a company in the world
Remote management
Access to fintech services, enabling global business
Hassle-free administration


Thanks to the e-Residency programme, companies can be created more easily – and much faster. The streamlined online process makes it simpler to establish, register and administer a new Estonian company. In 2009, the time required to register a company was recorded at just 18 minutes – earning the programme a place in the Guinness World Records for the “fastest time to register a new legal entity”.
Find out here steps to register

« What we aim to do is to create a worldwide virtual business environment, where people from both the developed and developing countries can easily become entrepreneurs and start doing business anywhere in the world. Physical national borders and restrictions will no longer present an obstacle. You can start a business, open bank accounts, make transac- tions, sign contracts and even declare taxes, all on your computer »
Kaspar Korjus

Estonian e-Residency Program Director.

Favourable conditions for growing e-commerce

With the e-Residency programme, companies all over the world have easier access to the e-commerce market.

The e-Residency identity card, which is valid for five years, allows its holder to digitally sign, authenticate and encrypt documents. It also opens up access to international payments providers, such as Google and PayPal, and to fintech services.

Furthermore, the programme offers paperless administration and a simple tax system with a 0% corporate income tax as long as profits are reinvested in the company. Such conditions are very favourable for the development of e-commerce, especially in the SME sector.


digital identities awarded


new companies founded by e-Residents


countries have fielded applicants

10 million

e-residents targeted by 2025

*As of March 20th, 2017

Creating location independent international business is cited as the main motivation by e-residents for applying for e-Residency

E-commerce business is a core activity of nearly 100% of the created companies

Success stories
Arvind Kumar’s story

Exporting to the EU market

Arvind left his 30 year career in the steel industry to start his own business. This was made possible by the e-Residency program.
Today Arvind runs a company from near Mumbai that creates software models to improve manufacturing quality and efficiency for companies in the EU.

Deepak Solanki’s story

Accessing to cross-border capital

Deepak has been interested in science for long time which led him to come up with new Li-Fi Technology. The company needed investment for research and Deepak was offered seed fund from BuildIt in Estonia (and later from AirBus in Berlin). This is how Deepak became e-resident. Today the company operates in Delhi, Berlin and in Estonia.